The Tango Lexicon

…the most basic vocabulary of movements available to a dancer. These are the Elements of Tango.

A few of the movements are in fact sequences, which are simultaneously so distinct and so common that they function as single concepts.

All of these movements existed and were used during the Golden Age of Tango (blogpost on this topic).

The Lexicon of Tango is the repertoire of 25 Elements and their variations inherited from the 1940s. Until the mid-1990s, tango was understood in groups of steps, or sequences. The Cochabamba Investigation Group analyzed tango and identified the basic elements, from which dancers can compose. Dancing from the elements empowers dancers to to express every music, challenge partners to maintain intense concentration, and use space skillfully for better floorcraft.

This lexicon is categorical. It is intended to help a dancer evaluate the scope of your familiarity. Once you are familiar with the entire lexicon, you are ready to master the iterations of each movement.

Feel free to check off the elements you know. You can even download and print the checklist.

… have varying numbers of iterations, variations, and pseudonyms. Our KnowledgeBase encyclopedia of movements includes a larger number of entries which systematize the iterations, isolate common variations, and disambiguate the psuedonyms (If something is missing, please let us know.)

The KnowledgeBase and MasterCourse are available in our Digital School.

The MasterCourse video series explains the technique and systems of variation necessary for every element in the Lexicon.
We use the term ‘Mark’ for Leader and ‘Revel’ for Follower. Here’s why
Steps / Walking
  1. Front step /
  2. Back step
  3. Side step
  4. Change of foot
  5. Molinete lineal … front side back side (Greek wedding dance)
  6. Ocho … step with pivot
  7. Sacada … displacement
Walking on a circle
  1. Double-giro … both doing Molinete on the circle
  2. Single-giro (Mark’s) … Mark in center of circle, Revel walks around
  3. Single-giro (Revel’s Calesita) … Revel in center of circle, Mark walks around
Modified steps
  1. Crosses
  2. Parada … stops
  3. Barrida (variations: Sandwichito, Pulpeades…) … Mark’s leg sweeps the Revel’s leg
Power transfer
  1. Rebote … elastic step
  2. Alteración … elastic step with pivot
  3. Voleo Circular … free leg is maximized into the air, with pivot
  4. Voleo Linear … free leg is maximized into the air, without pivot
  5. Gancho (includes wrap, double-gancho, piernazo, castigada) … voleo hooks the partner’s body
  6. Rebote cadera … elastic move of the hips
  7. Patada … kick between the partner’s legs
Off-balance / leaning / flying steps
  1. Volcada … leaning move toward the partner
  2. Colgada … leaning move away from the partner
Beyond the embrace
  1. Soltada … release of the embrace
  2. Adorno … decoration with the free leg
  3. Salta & Sostenida … jump & sustain
Personal Checklist

Download Checklist PDF

All the variations of each Element

I want you to know that you are not alone…

… neither in your dreams for tango nor in your frustrations.

My deepest desire is the same as all my students and friends … those who have yet to start dancing and those who dance a lot.

It’s partnership.

One thing I’ve learned on this quest, we need to:

Stop Waiting for Partners, and start Building them.

I’ve written a 10-step Action Plan.

Are you ready to find the Partners you want?



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2019 TangoForge

March 14-April 11, Thursdays: TRYST .Berlin

April 19-21 Rome NeoTango Marathon

May 3-5 Bologna Seminar

May 10-12 Frankfurt Seminar

July 5-7 South Sweden Seminar

September 7-9 Athens Seminar + NeoTango Marathon

October 18-20. Berlin Seminar, simultaneous with the Tangoloft Festivalito Farbenspiele with Tanguerilla Visual Poetry and DJ Elio Astor.