Co-contraction is a method of using our muscles to increase the power of our bodies. We use co-contraction for several things in tango. To intensify connection To create elasticity To put power into the Revel’s free leg, maximizing a projection What is co-contraction? Co-contraction is a biomechanical function of our muscles. Our muscles work in pairs. […]


Core (deprecated) is a term exercise professionals use to refer to a group of muscles which work together to stabilize the body during movement. Since the complex of core muscles are very powerful, exercise physiologists have come to recommend that the core be activated first whenever we undertake movement. In this way, more vulnerable muscles […]


Deltoids Anatomy The Anterior Deltoids flex the shoulder. Tango Stabilizes the embrace when the intention is toward or away from the Mark.

External rotation

  Internal rotation (medial rotation) is rotation toward the center of the body. External rotation (lateral rotation) is rotation away from the center of the body. Base leg To be strong and stable, the base leg should always be in external rotation. When we are standing with weight on two feet, we have two base […]


Tango movements can be specified in terms of the position and action of joints and the contraction of muscles to stabilize them and create power. Our muscles flex and extend, support, and rotate our joints. If we understand motion in these terms, it’s easy to send the right instructions to our bodies, and to verify […]


When we walk with a partner, we become a four-legged animal, with the accompanying gait possibilities. Animal gaits are categorized according to how many beats the four footfalls make, four-beat (ambling), three-beat (canter and gallop), and two-beat (trot and pace). Almost always in tango we want a clean two-beat walk, either pace-system (conventionally known as ‘parallel system’, deprecated) […]

Internal rotation

  Internal rotation (medial rotation) is rotation toward the center of the body. External rotation (lateral rotation) is rotation away from the center of the body. Base leg To be strong and stable, the base leg should always be in external rotation. When we are standing with weight on two feet, we have two base legs. External rotation increases stability by […]


Almost all tango movements can be specified by describing the position and direction of motion of joints. Each joint in the body has different movement possibilities. Hip The base leg is always externally rotated at the hip joint. This requires contraction of the stabilizing muscles (especially piriformis) which support and protect the joints of the […]


Obliques Anatomy The Oblique muscles rotate the torso. Tango Shows intention lateral to the Mark. This is the muscle that drives all pivots for both partners.


Peroneals Anatomy The peroneal muscles are responsible for plantar-flexion of the ankle. Tango These muscles are also the control system during transfer of weight and pointing the toes of the free leg in the air.


Piriformis Anatomy The Piriformis muscles are in the muscle group of hip rotators. They externally rotate the femur. Tango Stabilizes the hip and holds external rotation of the base leg.


It’s not hard to move a person. It’s hard to move them gently. It’s not hard to move your own free leg. It’s hard to move it gracefully. The key to gentleness and grace are your wonderful psoas muscles. The psoas is used to increase hip flexion to mark direction toward and away from the mark, […]


Quadriceps Anatomy The Quadriceps extend the knee and flex the hips. Tango   Provide additional power to the entire base-arc stabilization chain.

Rotator cuff

Shoulder External Rotators Anatomy Infraspinatus and teres minor are part of the Rotator Cuff muscle group. These two externally rotate the humerus. Tango Ensures that embrace is accurately conveying the direction and force created by lower body.<


The shoulder joint is the most complex joint in the body, with the most possibilities for motion. You can spend a lot of money with teachers telling you to “relax” your shoulders. This instruction is ineffective, because as soon as we start to concentrate, we tend to tense and lift the shoulders. Rather than trying […]

stabilization chain

The stabilization chain supports each dancer’s arc and the arch of connection. The quantity of muscle contraction increases for movements and moments requiring more force. Click for [popup_trigger id=”20219″]Image[/popup_trigger]. The Tango Stabilization Muscle Chain Images from BodyParts3D© ライフサイエンス統合データベースセンタ licensed under CC表示 継承2.1 日本


Supraspinatus Anatomy Supraspinatus abducts the arm. Tango Stabilizes the embrace when the intention is lateral to the Mark.

Transverse Abdominus

Transverse Abdominus Anatomy The Transverse Abdominus stabilizes the pelvis and thoracic (middle) spine. Tango Supports upright posture, gently, leaving hip flexors relaxed and hips flexed.


Triceps Anatomy The triceps extend and stabilize the elbow joint. Tango Maintains tautness in the embrace.